669. Gedeeld ouderschap na scheiding: Analyse van het beschikbare onderzoek naar verblijfsco-ouderschap (Linda Nielsen, 2011)

Shared Parenting After Divorce: A Review of Shared Residential Parenting Research
Source: Linda Nielsen – Journal of Divorce & Remarriage – Volume 52, Issue 8 – pages 586-609 – Available online: 18 Nov 2011

Gedeeld ouderschap na scheiding: Een analyse en beoordeling van het beschikbare onderzoek naar gedeeld verblijfsco-ouderschap
Bron: Linda Nielsen – Tijdschrift voor Echtscheiding & Hertrouwen – Volume 52, Nummer 8 – Pagina’s 586-609 – beschikbaar online: 18 november 2011

One of the most complex and compelling issues confronting policymakers, parents, and the family court system is what type of parenting plan is most beneficial for children after their parents’ divorce. How much time should children live with each parent? An increasing number of children are living with each parent at least 35% of the time in shared residential parenting families: How are these children and their parents faring? In what ways, if any, do divorced parents who share the residential parenting differ from parents whose children live almost exclusively with their mother? How stable are shared residential parenting plans? By reviewing the existing studies on shared parenting families, these questions are addressed.

Given the growing popularity of shared residential parenting, policymakers and professionals who work in family court, as well as parents, should ?nd the research compelling. As demonstrated in this review, overall these studies have reached four general conclusions.

  1. First and foremost, most of these children fare as well or better than those in maternal residence—especially in terms of the quality and endurance of their relationships with their fathers.
  2. Second, parents do not have to be exceptionally cooperative, without con?ict, wealthy, and well educated, or mutually enthusiastic about sharing the residential parenting for the children to bene?t.>
  3. Third, young adults who have lived in these families say this arrangement was in their best interest—in contrast to those who lived with their mothers after their parents’ divorce.
  4. And fourth, our country, like most other industrialized countries, is undergoing a shift in custody laws, public opinion, and parents’ decisions—a shift toward more shared residential parenting.

With the research serving to inform us, we can work together more effectively and more knowledgeably to enhance the well-being of children whose parents are no longer living together.